Marijuana and Driving Under the Influence (DUI)
Serving the Entire Central Valley
California Vehicle Code §23152(a)
Under California law, it is illegal to operate a motor vehicle under the
influence of any substance, where the substance causes physical or mental
impairment that makes a person unable to drive safely. The law does not
care if the substance is an illegal or legal drug, if it causes impairment.
Most often, the DUI statutes apply to drivers under the influence of alcohol.
However, many drivers are charged with a DUI while under the influence
of marijuana. Medical marijuana patients are not exempt from DUI laws.
The first DUI offense will be charged under California Vehicle Code (CVC)
§23152(a). It will be prosecuted as a misdemeanor with possible penalties
of 6 months in jail, and a fine of up to $1,000. Additionally, this charge
carries a mandatory alcohol education program, 3 years of probation, and
a suspended or restricted license.
If the person charged is under the age of 21, then their license will be
suspended for 1 year. If the DUI results in bodily injury or death to
another person, the offense can be prosecuted as a felony.
Marijuana DUI Defense
A marijuana DUI charge can result in all the same penalties as an alcohol
DUI. However, an attorney experienced in marijuana DUI defense can greatly
improve your outcome in court. When a driver is pulled over for drunk
driving, they are presumed to be intoxicated with a blood alcohol content
(BAC) of 0.08 percent or higher. However, there is no set level of THC
in the blood to automatically indicate intoxication. Without a clear threshold
for intoxication, the prosecutor has a harder time of proving their case.
Additionally, an experienced and knowledgable marijuana DUI defense attorney
can call upon studies and experts to demonstrate marijuana did not cause
impairment for the driver. There is scientific evidence that marijuana
does not have impairing effects two to three hours after the drug is consumed.
Even the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued
a study that marijuana's effects quickly dissipate after just one hour.
With a skilled DUI attorney on your side, they will call into question
the reliability of the prosecution's testing results. These results
may prove nothing more than the presence of marijuana metabolites in the
body, whether or not they had any psychoactive properties. The tests may
not even be able to show the difference between the potent 11-OH-THC metabolite
and THC-COOH, which has no psychoactive effects. Simple presence of the
marijuana metabolite does not prove impairment.
Refusing Questions and Tests
You have the right to refuse to answer any questions by a law enforcement
officer, except to identify yourself. You also have the right to refuse
any field sobriety tests (FST). If you chose to refuse to perform FSTs,
simply state that you have been advised to refuse them, but stay calm
and respectful. You may also refuse field breath tests. However, because
of California's implied consent laws, you cannot refuse a chemical
test after being arrested, without consequences. Doing so may result in
a one-year suspension of your driver's license, and can be used against
you in court.
Choosing the Chemical Test
After you are arrested for driving under the influence of
marijuana, the police will ask you too take a breath or blood test. THC does not
show up on a breath test, so blowing in the breathalyzer will not register
THC levels in the blood. However, if the police suspect you are under
the influence of drugs, including marijuana, you may be required to take
a blood test.
If you are arrested for a marijuana DUI in Tulare, Kings, Madera, or Fresno,
you should contact the attorneys at Wapner Jones P.C.. We have the necessary
experience with marijuana DUI's to make sure you are not wrongly convicted
of a DUI. Just because you smoked a little marijuana, does not mean you are DUI.
Contact us today at (559) 257-4707.